Comparison of Physical and Physiological Performance Features of Parkour and Gymnastics Athletes

Autor

Seyhan, S.

2019

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Journal of Education and Learning

Tipo de publicación

Artículo de revista

Idioma

Inglés

Palabras clave

Athletics: Athletes: Exercise Physiology: Performance: Body Composition: Human Body: Muscular Strength

Resumen

The purpose of this study was to compare the physical and physiological features of the traceurs with the gymnastics athletes. The study was carried out with twelve volunteer participants (traceurs=6, gymnastics athletes=6). The mean age of the traceurs was 18.67[plus or minus]1.03 years, 172.67[plus or minus]3.78 cm, body mass 62.5[plus or minus]8.94 kg and BMI was 20.98[plus or minus]2.97; gymnastics athletes was 19.33[plus or minus]1.21 years, 175.83[plus or minus]6.18 cm, body mass 65.17[plus or minus]8.06 kg and BMI was 21.11[plus or minus]2.67. Maximal oxygen utilization levels of traceurs and rhythmic gymnastics athletes were 56.13[plus or minus]3.95 ml/kg/min and 57.18[plus or minus]5.33 ml/kg/min respectively, their Illinois test times were 15.22[plus or minus]0.42 sec and 15.33[plus or minus]0.22 sec respectively, their vertical jump distances were 47.41[plus or minus]6.05 cm and 46.48[plus or minus]3.37 cm respectively, their vertical jump power values were 7252.7[plus or minus]1142.73 W and 7026.55[plus or minus]427.62 W respectively, their horizontal jump distances were 2.53[plus or minus]0.61 m and 2.48[plus or minus]0.12 m respectively, and finally, their hamstring flexion angles were determined by using goniometer as the measurement of hamstring flexibility (traceurs = 106.67[plus or minus]4.27[degree]; gymnastics athletes = 121.33[plus or minus]5.36[degree]*), and there was a significant difference between the angles hamstring flexibility of the two groups (*p<0.05). According to the results obtained from the study, it was seen that physical and physiological values obtained from two groups of athletes were very close to each other and no significant difference was observed between these two groups. This similarity can be explained by the fact that the training of these two branches does not differ as structural features. In conclusion, the learning of important performance determinants in athletes, such as aerobic power, flexibility, agility and explosive power, by the coaches and their education in this subject may enable the preparation of a better training program.

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